11 November 2015
- Al Adsani v United Kingdom, European Court of Human Rights, 2001.
- Bouzari v Islamic Republic of Iran, Ontario Court of Appeal, 2004.
- ICJ, Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany v. Italy: Greece intervening), Judgment 3 Feb 2012. Read paras 20-26 for the facts; 52-79 for the relevant ratio.
- Alebeek, Rosanne van. The immunity of states and their officials in international criminal law and international human rights law, ed (Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press, 2008)
- Bröhmer, Jürgen. State immunity and the violation of human rights (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1997).
- L. M. Caplan, “State Immunity, Human Rights, and Jus Cogens: A Critique of the Normative Hierarchy Theory” (2003) 97:4 American Journal of International Law 741-781
McGregor, Lorna. “Addressing the Relationship between State Immunity and Jus Cogens Norms: A Comparative Assessment” in International Prosecution of Human Rights Crimes (Springer, 2007) 69.
In the context of regional human rights courts:
- Bartsch, Kerstin & Bjorn Elberling. “Jus Cogens vs. State Immunity, Round Two: The Decision of the European Court of Human Rights in the Kalogero-Poulou et al. v. Greece and Germany Decision” (2003) 4 German LJ 477.
McGregor, Lorna. “Torture and State Immunity: Deflecting Impunity, Distorting Sovereignty” (2007) 18:5 European Journal of International Law 903.
Orakhelashvili, Alexander. “State immunity and hierarchy of norms: Why the House of Lords got it wrong” (2007) 18:5 European journal of international law 955.
Fox, Hazel. “In Defense of State Immunity: Why the UN Convention on State Immunity Is Important” (2006) 55 Int’l & Comp LQ 399.Moll, Leandro de Oliveira. “Al-Adsani v United Kingdom: State Immunity and Denial of Justice with Respect to Violations of Fundamental Human Rights” (2003) 4:2 Melbourne Journal of International Law 561.
Reinisch, August & Ulf Andreas Weber. “In the Shadow of Waite and Kennedy-The Jurisdictional Immunity of International Organizations, the Individual’s Right of Access to the Courts and Administrative Tribunals as Alternative Means of Dispute Settlement” (2004) 1 Int’l Org L Rev 59.
Bonafè, Beatrice I. “The ECHR and the Immunities Provided by International Law” (2010) 20:1 The Italian Yearbook of International Law Online 55.
Tomonori, Mizushima. “Denying Foreign State Immunity on the Grounds of the Unavailability of Alternative Means” (2008) 71:5 The Modern Law Review 734.Yuille, Lua K. “A Glimmer of Hope?: State Immunity and Customary International Law in the ECHR System” (2003) State Immunity and Customary International Law in the ECHR System (December 1, 2003).
In the inter-state context:
- Mills, Alex & Kimberley Natasha Trapp. “Smooth runs the water where the brook is deep: the obscured complexities of Germany v. Italy” (2012) 1 Cambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law (1) 153.
McGregor, Lorna. “State Immunity and Human Rights Is There a Future after Germany v. Italy?” (2012) Journal of international criminal justice mqs081
Turenne, S. “Judicial Responses to Civil Disobedience: A Comparative Approach” (2004) 10:4 Res Publica 379.
Keitner, Chimène I. Germany v. Italy: The International Court of Justice Affirms Principles of State Immunity (ASIL I nsight (Feb. 14, 2012), available at http://www. asil. org/insights120214. cfm, 2012).
In transnational litigation:
- D. J. Bederman, “Dead Man’s Hand: Reshuffling Foreign Sovereign Immunities in US Human Rights Litigation” (1995) 25 Ga. J. Int’l & Comp. L. 255
- Stephens, Beth & Michael Ratner. International human rights litigation in U.S. courts, ed (Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y.: Transnational Publishers, 1996)
Potestà, Michele. “State Immunity and Jus Cogens Violations: The Alien Tort Statute Against the Backdrop of the Latest Developments in the Law of Nations” (2010) 28 Berkeley J Int’l L 571.
- N. Roht-Arriaza, “The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act and Human Rights Violations: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back” (1998) 16 Berkeley Journal of International Law 71
- Ranganathan, Prasanna. “Survivors of Torture, Victims of Law: Reforming State Immunity in Canada by Developing Exceptions for Terrorism and Torture” (2008) 71 Sask L Rev 343.
- Lininger, Tom. Overcoming Immunity Defenses to Human Rights Suits in US Courts (HeinOnline, 1994).
- Fitzpatrick, Joan. “Future of the Alien Tort Claims Act of 1789: Lessons from In Re Marcos Human Rights Litigation, The” (1993) 67 John’s L Rev 491.
Ciampi, Annalisa. “The Italian Court of Cassation Asserts Civil Jurisdiction over Germany in a Criminal Case Relating to the Second World War The Civitella Case” (2009) 7:3 Journal of International Criminal Justice 597.
- Ketchel, Aron. “Deriving Lessons for the Alien Tort Claims Act from the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act” (2007) 32 Yale J Int’l L 191.
- Gergen, Jennifer A. “Human Rights and the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act” (1995) 36 Va J Int’l L 765.
Vournas, Elena. “Prefecture of Voiotia v. Federal Republic of Germany: Sovereign Immunity and the Exception for Jus Cogens Violations” (2001) 21 NYL Sch J Int’l & Comp L 629.
- Wright, Jane. “Retribution but No Recompense: A Critique of the Torturer’s Immunity from Civil Suit” (2010) 30:1 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 143.
- Ogilvy, Graham. “Belhas v. Ya’Alon: The Case for a Jus Cogens Exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act” (2009) 8 J Int’l Bus & L 169.
- Bianchi, Andrea. “Ferrini v. Federal Republic of Germany” (2005) American Journal of International Law 242.
- Kirgis, Frederic L. “Alien Torts Claims Act Proceeding against Robert Mugabe” (2000) 2 American Society of International Law Insights.
- Martinez Jr, Lucian C. “Sovereign Impunity: Does the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act Bar Lawsuits Against Holy See in Clerical Sexual Abuse Cases” (2008) 44 Tex Int’l LJ 123.
- Gotfredsen, Dana R. “Seeking Comfort in America: Why an Amendment to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act Is the Most Effective Means of Holding Foreign Governments Accountable for Gender-Based Crimes” (2001) 15 Emory Int’l L Rev 647.
- Nowosielski, Roman. “State Immunity and the Right of Access to Court. The Natoniewski Case Before the Polish Courts” (2010) 30 Polish Yearbook of International Law 263.
Immunity of international organizations
Wouters, Jan, Cedric Ryngaert & Pierre Schmitt. “Belgian Court of Cassation-responsibility of international organizations-immunities-domestic courts-access to justice” (2011) 105:3 The American Journal of International Law 560.
Henquet, Thomas. “International organisations in the Netherlands: immunity from the jurisdiction of the Dutch courts” (2010) 57:02 Netherlands International Law Review 267.
Faith, Kimberly. “Stichting Mothers of Srebrenica v. Netherlands: Does UN Immunity Trump the Right of Access to a Court” (2013) 22 Tul J Int’l & Comp L 359.Ryngaert, Cedric. “The immunity of international organizations before domestic courts: recent trends” (2010) 7:1 International Organizations Law Review 121.